Transform GM

This Jam and Justice project explored alternative economics in Greater Manchester, mapping citizen-led innovation in the social and solidarity economy.

A combination of Greater Manchester policy documents – from the Manchester Plan, to the Strategic Framework to the draft Spatial Framework – make clear that there is a commitment to strategy of growth. The promotion of economic growth alone fails to distinguish between economic activity as diverse as speculative property investment and the development of small-scale worker cooperatives.

By identifying examples of transformative economic actors in Greater Manchester, Transform GM sought to enable economic strategies that pay attention to who gains and how.

Download the full report on this pilot study:

Commitment to growth is evident. As the draft GMSF strategy outlines:

‘we are actively promoting a strategy for growth across the whole of Greater Manchester providing opportunities for investment in areas where we have genuine competitive advantages and for the acceleration of growth in those areas where economic activity is weakest’ (GMSF, p.4)

The rubric of ‘growth’ is treated as a catch-all answer to addressing the issues facing Greater Manchester, which includes increasingly economic and social inequality both within Manchester itself, and between Manchester and the 9 other local authorities that comprise the GMCA. Popular discourse around ‘inclusive growth’ has emerged a popular critique of the monolithic discourse on growth, suggesting that ‘growth’ on its own has failed to prevent people from being ‘left behind’, with the benefits of economic growth accruing to the relative few rather than a more general distribution of benefit.

What both the dominant discourse on growth – and the dominant voices promoting ‘inclusive growth’ – often fail to identify is the heterogeneous nature of economic growth. Without further definition, the promotion of economic growth fails to distinguish between economic activity as diverse as speculative property investment and the development of small-scale worker cooperatives. Without this definitional work, and without assessing the economic alternatives already emerging within Greater Manchester, the Greater Manchester commitment to economic growth is liable to fail in its aspiration to ‘maximise the ability of all residents to share in the benefits of [GM’s] economic growth and prosperity’ (GMSF, p.96).

Through a collaborative mapping exercise, Jam and Justice began to both create a definition of - and to ‘make visible’ - the alternative economic sector in Greater Manchester. The research questions that underpinned the research were:

  • How can we differentiate between different types of actually-existing economic growth?
  • What citizen-led innovations already exist across Greater Manchester?
  • Can we draw commonalities between these diverse innovations, and could these indicate a fledgling alternative economic sector in Greater Manchester?
  • How can we co-define what alternative, citizen-led, economic alternative would look like for Greater Manchester?
  • What role could this sector play in the future of GM, and what could be done to support and promote it?

The pilot study provides a working definition for the Social and Solidarity Economy including what are termed Transformative Economic Actors or TEAs. Greater Manchester's TEAs can be explored via an interactive digital map published online at

Versions of the report from this pilot study have been submitted in response to consultation on GM's Local Industrial Strategy and the 2019 Cooperative Commission.

To ask questions about this Jam and Justice project, please contact: Bert Russell.

News, events and blog

More than sixty people gathered at the Ziferblat event space in Manchester’s Northern Quarter to celebrate the publication of the report, How can we govern cities differently? The promise and practices of co-production.

An Evening with Jam and Justice - How can we govern cities differently? (Banner image)
Wednesday, July 3, 2019 - 17:30 to 20:00
Ziferblat, Edge Street, Manchester, M4 1HW

The Jam and Justice Action Research Collective will be sharing what we have learned and celebrating the outcomes of our projects in Greater Manchester.

Coinciding with the launch of the Greater Manchester Independent Prosperity Review, the ESRC Jam & Justice project is releasing its report on GM’s Social & Solidarity Economy. The report argues that we need a ‘new way of seeing’ the economy, and calls for the establishment of a Chamber for the Social & Solidarity Economy and the co-production of an impetus plan for the Social & Solidarity Economy.

Snapshot from the digital map locating examples of social and solidarity-related economic activity in and around Greater Manchester.

The following feature article about the Jam and Justice Action Research Collective's work mapping the social solidarity economy in Greater Manchester was originally published in The Meteor ( on 25 August 2018:

Monday, June 11, 2018 - 12:00 to 13:30
Manchester Central Library

Devolution promised to open up new opportunities for community engagement and empowerment, shifting power from Whitehall to the Townhall. One year on since the election of Andy Burnham as Mayor of Greater Manchester, Jam and Justice's Action Research Collective are hosting a debate in Manchester Central Library to discuss the changing horizons of collective decision-making in Greater Manchester.

Author Bertie Russell, 5th April 2018

A short report on the #CTRLshift2018 summit, held in Wigan on 27-29th March 2018.